NAMEkadmind - KADM5 administration server
SYNOPSISkadmind [-x db_args] [-r realm] [-m] [-nofork] [-port port-number] [-P pid_file]
DESCRIPTIONThis command starts the KADM5 administration server. If the database is db2, the administration server runs on the master Kerberos server, which stores the KDC prinicpal database and the KADM5 policy database. If the database is LDAP, the administration server and the KDC server need not run on the same machine. Kadmind accepts remote requests to administer the information in these databases. Remote requests are sent, for example, by kadmin(8) and the kpasswd(1) command, both of which are clients of kadmind. kadmind requires a number of configuration files to be set up in order for it to work: kdc.conf The KDC configuration file contains configuration informatin for the KDC and the KADM5 system. Kadmind understands a number of variable settings in this file, some of whch are mandatory and some of which are optional. See the CONFIGURATION VALUES section below. keytab Kadmind requires a keytab containing correct entries for the kadmin/admin and kadmin/changepw principals for every realm that kadmind will answer requests for. The keytab can be created with the kadmin(8) client. The location of the keytab is determined by the admin_keytab configuration variable (see CONFIGURATION VALUES). ACL file Kadmind's ACL (access control list) tells it which principals are allowed to perform KADM5 administration actions. The path of the ACL file is specified via the acl_file configuration variable (see CONFIGURATION VALUES). The syntax of the ACL file is specified in the ACL FILE SYNTAX section below. After the server begins running, it puts itself in the background and disassociates itself from its controlling terminal. kadmind can be configured for incremental database propagation. Incremental propagation allows slave KDC servers to receive principal and policy updates incrementally instead of receiving full dumps of the database. This facility can be enabled in the kdc.conf file with the iprop_enable option. See the kdc.conf documentation for other options for tuning incremental propagation parameters. Incremental propagation requires the principal "kiprop/MASTER@REALM" (where MASTER is the master KDC's canonical host name, and REALM the realm name) to be registered in the database.
OPTIONS-x db_args specifies the database specific arguments. Options supported for LDAP database are: -x nconns=<number_of_connections> specifies the number of connections to be maintained per LDAP server. -x host=<ldapuri> specifies the LDAP server to connect to by a LDAP URI. -x binddn=<binddn> specifies the DN of the object used by the administration server to bind to the LDAP server. This object should have the read and write rights on the realm container, principal container and the subtree that is referenced by the realm. -x bindpwd=<bind_password> specifies the password for the above mentioned binddn. It is recommended not to use this option. Instead, the password can be stashed using the stashsrvpw command of kdb5_ldap_util. -r realm specifies the default realm that kadmind will serve; if it is not specified, the default realm of the host is used. kadmind will answer requests for any realm that exists in the local KDC database and for which the appropriate principals are in its keytab. -m specifies that the master database password should be fetched from the keyboard rather than from a file on disk. Note that the server gets the password prior to putting itself in the background; in combination with the -nofork option, you must place it in the background by hand. -nofork specifies that the server does not put itself in the background and does not disassociate itself from the terminal. In normal operation, you should always allow the server place itself in the background. -port port-number specifies the port on which the administration server listens for connections. The default is is controlled by the kadmind_port configuration variable (see below). -P pid_file specifies the file to which the PID of kadmind process should be written to after it starts up. This can be used to identify whether kadmind is still running and to allow init scripts to stop the correct process.
CONFIGURATION VALUESIn addition to the relations defined in kdc.conf(5), kadmind understands the following relations, all of which should appear in the [realms] section: acl_file The path of kadmind's ACL file. Mandatory. No default. dict_file The path of kadmind's password dictionary. A principal with any password policy will not be allowed to select any password in the dictionary. Optional. No default. admin_keytab The name of the keytab containing entries for the principals kadmin/admin and kadmin/changepw in each realm that kadmind will serve. The default is the value of the KRB5_KTNAME environment variable, if defined. Mandatory. kadmind_port The TCP port on which kadmind will listen. The default is 749.
ACL FILE SYNTAXThe ACL file controls which principals can or cannot perform which administrative functions. For operations that affect principals, the ACL file also controls which principals can operate on which other principals. This file can contain comment lines, null lines or lines which contain ACL entries. Comment lines start with the sharp sign (#) and continue until the end of the line. Lines containing ACL entries have the format of principal whitespace operation-mask [whitespace operation-target] Ordering is important. The first matching entry is the one which will control access for a particular principal on a particular principal. principal may specify a partially or fully qualified Kerberos version 5 principal name. Each component of the name may be wildcarded using the asterisk ( * ) character. operation-target [Optional] may specify a partially or fully qualified Kerberos version 5 principal name. Each component of the name may be wildcarded using the asterisk ( * ) character. operation-mask Specifies what operations may or may not be peformed by a principal matching a particular entry. This is a string of one or more of the following list of characters or their upper-case counterparts. If the character is upper-case, then the operation is disallowed. If the character is lower-case, then the operation is permitted. a [Dis]allows the addition of principals or policies in the database. d [Dis]allows the deletion of principals or policies in the database. m [Dis]allows the modification of principals or policies in the database. c [Dis]allows the changing of passwords for principals in the database. i [Dis]allows inquiries to the database. l [Dis]allows the listing of principals or policies in the database. p [Dis]allows the propagation of the principal database. x Short for admcil. * Same as x. Some examples of valid entries here are: user/instance@realm adm A standard fully qualified name. The operation-mask only applies to this principal and specifies that [s]he may add, delete or modify principals and policies, but not change anybody else's password. user/instance@realm cim service/instance@realm A standard fully qualified name and a standard fully qualified target. The operation-mask only applies to this principal operating on this target and specifies that [s]he may change the target's password, request information about the target and modify it. user/*@realm ac A wildcarded name. The operation-mask applies to all principals in realm "realm" whose first component is "user" and specifies that [s]he may add principals and change anybody's password. user/*@realm i */instance@realm A wildcarded name and target. The operation-mask applies to all principals in realm "realm" whose first component is "user" and specifies that [s]he may perform inquiries on principals whose second component is "instance" and realm is "realm".
FILESprincipal.db default name for Kerberos principal database <dbname>.kadm5 KADM5 administrative database. (This would be "principal.kadm5", if you use the default database name.) Contains policy information. <dbname>.kadm5.lock lock file for the KADM5 administrative database. This file works backwards from most other lock files. I.e., kadmin will exit with an error if this file does not exist. Note: The above three files are specific to db2 database. kadm5.acl file containing list of principals and their kadmin administrative privileges. See above for a description. kadm5.keytab keytab file for kadmin/admin principal. kadm5.dict file containing dictionary of strings explicitly disallowed as passwords.
SEE ALSOkpasswd(1), kadmin(8), kdb5_util(8), kadm5_export(8), kadm5_import(8), kdb5_ldap_util(8) KADMIND(8)