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kdc.conf

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kdc.conf: Kerberos V5 KDC configuration file

NAME
kdc.conf - Kerberos V5 KDC configuration file
DESCRIPTION
kdc.conf specifies per-realm configuration data to be used by the Kerberos V5 Authentication Service and Key Distribution Center (AS/KDC). This includes database, key and per-realm defaults. The kdc.conf file uses the same format as the krb5.conf file. For a basic description of the syntax, please refer to the krb5.conf description. The following sections are currently used in the kdc.conf file: [kdcdefaults] Contains parameters which control the overall behaviour of the KDC. [realms] Contains subsections keyed by Kerberos realm names which describe per-realm KDC parameters.

KDCDEFAULTS SECTION

The following relations are defined in the [kdcdefaults] section: kdc_ports This relation lists the ports which the Kerberos server should listen on, by default. This list is a comma separated list of integers. If this relation is not specified, the compiled-in default is usually port 88 and port 750. kdc_tcp_ports This relation lists the ports on which the Kerberos server should listen for TCP connections by default. This list is a comma separated list of integers. If this relation is not specified, the compiled-in default is not to listen for TCP connections at all. If you wish to change this (which we do not recommend, because the current implementation has little protection against denial- of-service attacks), the standard port number assigned for Kerberos TCP traffic is port 88. v4_mode This string specifies how the KDC should respond to Kerberos IV packets. Valid values for this relation are the same as the valid arguments to the -4 flag to krb5kdc. If this relation is not specified, the compiled-in default of none is used.

REALMS SECTION

Each tag in the [realms] section of the file names a Kerberos realm. The value of the tag is a subsection where the relations in that subsection define KDC parameters for that particular realm. For each realm, the following tags may be specified in the [realms] subsection: acl_file This string specifies the location of the access control list (acl) file that kadmin uses to determine which principals are allowed which permissions on the database. The default value is /etc/krb5kdc/kadm5.acl. admin_keytab This string Specifies the location of the keytab file that kadmin uses to authenticate to the database. The default value is /etc/krb5kdc/kadm5.keytab. database_name This string specifies the location of the Kerberos database for this realm. default_principal_expiration This absolute time string specifies the default expiration date of principals created in this realm. default_principal_flags This flag string specifies the default attributes of principals created in this realm. The format for the string is a comma- separated list of flags, with '+' before each flag to be enabled and '-' before each flag to be disabled. The default is for postdateable, forwardable, tgt-based, renewable, proxiable, dup- skey, allow-tickets, and service to be enabled, and all others to be disabled. There are a number of possible flags: postdateable Enabling this flag allows the principal to obtain postdateable tickets. forwardable Enabling this flag allows the principal to obtain forwardable tickets. tgt-based Enabling this flag allows a principal to obtain tickets based on a ticket-granting-ticket, rather than repeating the authentication process that was used to obtain the TGT. renewable Enabling this flag allows the principal to obtain renewable tickets. proxiable Enabling this flag allows the principal to obtain proxy tickets. dup-skey Enabling this flag allows the principal to obtain a session key for another user, permitting user-to-user authentication for this principal. allow-tickets Enabling this flag means that the KDC will issue tickets for this principal. Disabling this flag essentially deactivates the principal within this realm. preauth If this flag is enabled on a client principal, then that principal is required to preauthenticate to the KDC before receiving any tickets. On a service principal, enabling this flag means that service tickets for this principal will only be issued to clients with a TGT that has the preauthenticated ticket set. hwauth If this flag is enabled, then the principal is required to preauthenticate using a hardware device before receiving any tickets. pwchange Enabling this flag forces a password change for this principal. service Enabling this flag allows the the KDC to issue service tickets for this principal. pwservice If this flag is enabled, it marks this principal as a password change service. This should only be used in special cases, for example, if a user's password has expired, the user has to get tickets for that principal to be able to change it without going through the normal password authentication. dict_file This string location of the dictionary file containing strings that are not allowed as passwords. If this tag is not set or if there is no policy assigned to the principal, then no check will be done. kadmind_port This port number specifies the port on which the kadmind daemon is to listen for this realm. kpasswd_port This port number specifies the port on which the kadmind daemon is to listen for this realm. key_stash_file This string specifies the location where the master key has been stored with kdb5_stash. kdc_ports This string specifies the list of ports that the KDC is to listen to for this realm. By default, the value of kdc_ports as specified in the [kdcdefaults] section is used. kdc_tcp_ports This string specifies the list of ports that the KDC is to listen to for TCP requests for this realm. By default, the value of kdc_tcp_ports as specified in the [kdcdefaults] section is used. master_key_name This string specifies the name of the principal associated with the master key. The default value is K/M. master_key_type This key type string represents the master key's key type. max_life This delta time string specifes the maximum time period that a ticket may be valid for in this realm. max_renewable_life This delta time string specifies the maximum time period that a ticket may be renewed for in this realm. iprop_enable This boolean ("true" or "false") specifies whether incremental database propagation is enabled. The default is "false". iprop_master_ulogsize This numeric value specifies the maximum number of log entries to be retained for incremental propagation. The maximum value is 2500; default is 1000. iprop_slave_poll This delta time string specfies how often the slave KDC polls for new updates from the master. Default is "2m" (that is, two minutes). supported_enctypes list of key:salt strings that specifies the default key/salt combinations of principals for this realm reject_bad_transit this boolean specifies whether or not the list of transited realms for cross-realm tickets should be checked against the transit path computed from the realm names and the [capaths] section of its krb5.conf file

FILES

/etc/krb5kdc/kdc.conf

SEE ALSO

krb5.conf(5), krb5kdc(8) KDC.CONF(5)
 
 
 

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