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english: flag format for English ispell dictionaries

NAME
english - flag format for english ispell dictionaries
DESCRIPTION
English dictionaries for ispell(1) supports 3 prefix and 14 suffix flags. For a detailed description of how ispell handles flags and capitalization, see ispell(5). This manual page only describes flags usable in dictionaries built using the english.aff affix file. In the following discussion of the flags, let # and @ be "variables" that can stand for any letter. Upper case letters are constants. "..." stands for any string of zero or more letters, but note that no word may exist in the dictionary which is not at least 2 letters long, so, for example, "fly" may not be produced by placing the "Y" flag on "f". Also, no flag is effective unless the word that it creates is at least 4 letters long, so, for example, "wed" may not be produced by placing the "D" flag on "we". In the following list, an asterisk indicates that a flag participates in cross-product formation (see ispell(5)). The meaning of the prefix flags is as follows: *A ... --> re... as in cover --> recover *I ... --> in... as in firm --> infirm *U ... --> un... as in able --> unable The meaning of the suffix flags is as follows: V ...e --> ...ive as in create --> creative if # .ne. e, ...# --> ...#ive as in prevent --> preventive *N ...e --> ...ion as in create --> creation ...y --> ...ication as in multiply --> multiplication if # .ne. e or y, ...# --> ...#en as in fall --> fallen *X ...e --> ...ions as in create --> creations ...y --> ...ications as in multiply --> multiplications if # .ne. e or y, ...# --> ...#ens as in weak --> weakens H ...y --> ...ieth as in twenty --> twentieth if # .ne. y, ...# --> ...#th as in hundred --> hundredth *Y ...y --> ..ily as in messy --> messily if # .ne y, ...# --> ...#ly as in quick --> quickly *G ...e --> ...ing as in file --> filing if # .ne. e, ...# --> ...#ing as in cross --> crossing *J ...e --> ...ings as in file --> filings if # .ne. e, ...# --> ...#ings as in cross --> crossings *D ...e --> ...ed as in create --> created if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@ied as in imply --> implied if # .ne. e or y, or (# = y and @ = a, e, i, o, or u) ...@# --> ...@#ed as in cross --> crossed or convey --> conveyed T ...e --> ...est as in late --> latest if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@iest as in dirty --> dirtiest if # .ne. e or y, or (# = y and @ = a, e, i, o, or u) ...@# --> ...@#est as in small --> smallest or gray --> grayest *R ...e --> ...er as in skate --> skater if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@ier as in multiply --> multiplier if # .ne. e or y, or (# = y and @ = a, e, i, o, or u) ...@# --> ...@#er as in build --> builder or convey --> conveyer *Z ...e --> ...ers as in skate --> skaters if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@iers as in multiply --> multipliers if # .ne. e or y, or (# = y and @ = a, e, i, o, or u) ...@# --> ...@#ers as in build --> builders or slay --> slayers *S if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@ies as in imply --> implies if # .eq. c, s, or t, ...#h --> ...#hes as in lash --> lashes if # .ne. c, s, or t, ...#h --> ...#hs as in cough --> coughs if # .eq. s, x, or z, ...# --> ...#es as in fix --> fixes if # .ne. s, x, z, h, or y, or (# = y and @ = a, e, i, o, or u) ...@# --> ...@#s as in bat --> bats or convey --> conveys P if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@iness as in cloudy --> cloudiness if # .ne. y, or @ = a, e, i, o, or u, ...@# --> ...@#ness as in late --> lateness or gray --> grayness *M ... --> ...'s as in dog --> dog's To summarize more briefly: Prefixes: *A - re *I - in *U - un Suffixes: V - ive *N - ion, tion, en *X - ions, ications, ens H - th, ieth *Y - ly, ily *G - ing *J - ings *D - ed T - est *R - er *Z - ers *S - s, es, ies *P - ness, iness *M - 's

SEE ALSO

ispell(1), ispell(5) ENGLISH(5)
 
 
 

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