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## man page of LAPACK-3

### LAPACK-3: applies back the multiplying factors of either the left or the right singular vector matrix of a diagonal matrix

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## NAME

LAPACK-3 - applies back the multiplying factors of either the left or the right singular vector matrix of a diagonal matrix appended by a row to the right hand side matrix B in solving the least squares problem using the divide-and-conquer SVD approach## SYNOPSIS

SUBROUTINE ZLALS0( ICOMPQ, NL, NR, SQRE, NRHS, B, LDB, BX, LDBX, PERM, GIVPTR, GIVCOL, LDGCOL, GIVNUM, LDGNUM, POLES, DIFL, DIFR, Z, K, C, S, RWORK, INFO ) INTEGER GIVPTR, ICOMPQ, INFO, K, LDB, LDBX, LDGCOL, LDGNUM, NL, NR, NRHS, SQRE DOUBLE PRECISION C, S INTEGER GIVCOL( LDGCOL, * ), PERM( * ) DOUBLE PRECISION DIFL( * ), DIFR( LDGNUM, * ), GIVNUM( LDGNUM, * ), POLES( LDGNUM, * ), RWORK( * ), Z( * ) COMPLEX*16 B( LDB, * ), BX( LDBX, * )## PURPOSE

ZLALS0 applies back the multiplying factors of either the left or the right singular vector matrix of a diagonal matrix appended by a row to the right hand side matrix B in solving the least squares problem using the divide-and-conquer SVD approach. For the left singular vector matrix, three types of orthogonal matrices are involved: (1L) Givens rotations: the number of such rotations is GIVPTR; the pairs of columns/rows they were applied to are stored in GIVCOL; and the C- and S-values of these rotations are stored in GIVNUM. (2L) Permutation. The (NL+1)-st row of B is to be moved to the first row, and for J=2:N, PERM(J)-th row of B is to be moved to the J-th row. (3L) The left singular vector matrix of the remaining matrix. For the right singular vector matrix, four types of orthogonal matrices are involved: (1R) The right singular vector matrix of the remaining matrix. (2R) If SQRE = 1, one extra Givens rotation to generate the right null space. (3R) The inverse transformation of (2L). (4R) The inverse transformation of (1L).## ARGUMENTS

ICOMPQ (input) INTEGER Specifies whether singular vectors are to be computed in factored form: = 0: Left singular vector matrix. = 1: Right singular vector matrix. NL (input) INTEGER The row dimension of the upper block. NL >= 1. NR (input) INTEGER The row dimension of the lower block. NR >= 1. SQRE (input) INTEGER = 0: the lower block is an NR-by-NR square matrix. = 1: the lower block is an NR-by-(NR+1) rectangular matrix. The bidiagonal matrix has row dimension N = NL + NR + 1, and column dimension M = N + SQRE. NRHS (input) INTEGER The number of columns of B and BX. NRHS must be at least 1. B (input/output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension ( LDB, NRHS ) On input, B contains the right hand sides of the least squares problem in rows 1 through M. On output, B contains the solution X in rows 1 through N. LDB (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of B. LDB must be at least max(1,MAX( M, N ) ). BX (workspace) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension ( LDBX, NRHS ) LDBX (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of BX. PERM (input) INTEGER array, dimension ( N ) The permutations (from deflation and sorting) applied to the two blocks. GIVPTR (input) INTEGER The number of Givens rotations which took place in this subproblem. GIVCOL (input) INTEGER array, dimension ( LDGCOL, 2 ) Each pair of numbers indicates a pair of rows/columns involved in a Givens rotation. LDGCOL (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of GIVCOL, must be at least N. GIVNUM (input) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension ( LDGNUM, 2 ) Each number indicates the C or S value used in the corresponding Givens rotation. LDGNUM (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of arrays DIFR, POLES and GIVNUM, must be at least K. POLES (input) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension ( LDGNUM, 2 ) On entry, POLES(1:K, 1) contains the new singular values obtained from solving the secular equation, and POLES(1:K, 2) is an array containing the poles in the secular equation. DIFL (input) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension ( K ). On entry, DIFL(I) is the distance between I-th updated (undeflated) singular value and the I-th (undeflated) old singular value. DIFR (input) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension ( LDGNUM, 2 ). On entry, DIFR(I, 1) contains the distances between I-th updated (undeflated) singular value and the I+1-th (undeflated) old singular value. And DIFR(I, 2) is the normalizing factor for the I-th right singular vector. Z (input) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension ( K ) Contain the components of the deflation-adjusted updating row vector. K (input) INTEGER Contains the dimension of the non-deflated matrix, This is the order of the related secular equation. 1 <= K <=N. C (input) DOUBLE PRECISION C contains garbage if SQRE =0 and the C-value of a Givens rotation related to the right null space if SQRE = 1. S (input) DOUBLE PRECISION S contains garbage if SQRE =0 and the S-value of a Givens rotation related to the right null space if SQRE = 1. RWORK (workspace) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension ( K*(1+NRHS) + 2*NRHS ) INFO (output) INTEGER = 0: successful exit. < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value.FURTHER DETAILS

Based on contributions by Ming Gu and Ren-Cang Li, Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley, USA Osni Marques, LBNL/NERSC, USA LAPACK routine (version 3.2) March 2011 LAPACK-3(3)

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