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## man page of LAPACK-3

### LAPACK-3: computes selected eigenvalues, and optionally, eigenvectors of a complex generalized Hermitian-definite eigenproblem,

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LAPACK-3 - computes selected eigenvalues, and optionally, eigenvectors of a complex generalized Hermitian-definite eigenproblem, of the form A*x=(lambda)*B*x, A*Bx=(lambda)*x, or B*A*x=(lambda)*x## SYNOPSIS

SUBROUTINE ZHEGVX( ITYPE, JOBZ, RANGE, UPLO, N, A, LDA, B, LDB, VL, VU, IL, IU, ABSTOL, M, W, Z, LDZ, WORK, LWORK, RWORK, IWORK, IFAIL, INFO ) CHARACTER JOBZ, RANGE, UPLO INTEGER IL, INFO, ITYPE, IU, LDA, LDB, LDZ, LWORK, M, N DOUBLE PRECISION ABSTOL, VL, VU INTEGER IFAIL( * ), IWORK( * ) DOUBLE PRECISION RWORK( * ), W( * ) COMPLEX*16 A( LDA, * ), B( LDB, * ), WORK( * ), Z( LDZ, * )## PURPOSE

ZHEGVX computes selected eigenvalues, and optionally, eigenvectors of a complex generalized Hermitian-definite eigenproblem, of the form A*x=(lambda)*B*x, A*Bx=(lambda)*x, or B*A*x=(lambda)*x. Here A and B are assumed to be Hermitian and B is also positive definite. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors can be selected by specifying either a range of values or a range of indices for the desired eigenvalues.## ARGUMENTS

ITYPE (input) INTEGER Specifies the problem type to be solved: = 1: A*x = (lambda)*B*x = 2: A*B*x = (lambda)*x = 3: B*A*x = (lambda)*x JOBZ (input) CHARACTER*1 = 'N': Compute eigenvalues only; = 'V': Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors. RANGE (input) CHARACTER*1 = 'A': all eigenvalues will be found. = 'V': all eigenvalues in the half-open interval (VL,VU] will be found. = 'I': the IL-th through IU-th eigenvalues will be found. UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 = 'U': Upper triangles of A and B are stored; = 'L': Lower triangles of A and B are stored. N (input) INTEGER The order of the matrices A and B. N >= 0. A (input/output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA, N) On entry, the Hermitian matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper triangular part of the matrix A. If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower triangular part of the matrix A. On exit, the lower triangle (if UPLO='L') or the upper triangle (if UPLO='U') of A, including the diagonal, is destroyed. LDA (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). B (input/output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB, N) On entry, the Hermitian matrix B. If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of B contains the upper triangular part of the matrix B. If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of B contains the lower triangular part of the matrix B. On exit, if INFO <= N, the part of B containing the matrix is overwritten by the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky factorization B = U**H*U or B = L*L**H. LDB (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N). VL (input) DOUBLE PRECISION VU (input) DOUBLE PRECISION If RANGE='V', the lower and upper bounds of the interval to be searched for eigenvalues. VL < VU. Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'I'. IL (input) INTEGER IU (input) INTEGER If RANGE='I', the indices (in ascending order) of the smallest and largest eigenvalues to be returned. 1 <= IL <= IU <= N, if N > 0; IL = 1 and IU = 0 if N = 0. Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'V'. ABSTOL (input) DOUBLE PRECISION The absolute error tolerance for the eigenvalues. An approximate eigenvalue is accepted as converged when it is determined to lie in an interval [a,b] of width less than or equal to ABSTOL + EPS * max( |a|,|b| ) , where EPS is the machine precision. If ABSTOL is less than or equal to zero, then EPS*|T| will be used in its place, where |T| is the 1-norm of the tridiagonal matrix obtained by reducing A to tridiagonal form. Eigenvalues will be computed most accurately when ABSTOL is set to twice the underflow threshold 2*DLAMCH('S'), not zero. If this routine returns with INFO>0, indicating that some eigenvectors did not converge, try setting ABSTOL to 2*DLAMCH('S'). M (output) INTEGER The total number of eigenvalues found. 0 <= M <= N. If RANGE = 'A', M = N, and if RANGE = 'I', M = IU-IL+1. W (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) The first M elements contain the selected eigenvalues in ascending order. Z (output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDZ, max(1,M)) If JOBZ = 'N', then Z is not referenced. If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M columns of Z contain the orthonormal eigenvectors of the matrix A corresponding to the selected eigenvalues, with the i-th column of Z holding the eigenvector associated with W(i). The eigenvectors are normalized as follows: if ITYPE = 1 or 2, Z**T*B*Z = I; if ITYPE = 3, Z**T*inv(B)*Z = I. If an eigenvector fails to converge, then that column of Z contains the latest approximation to the eigenvector, and the index of the eigenvector is returned in IFAIL. Note: the user must ensure that at least max(1,M) columns are supplied in the array Z; if RANGE = 'V', the exact value of M is not known in advance and an upper bound must be used. LDZ (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array Z. LDZ >= 1, and if JOBZ = 'V', LDZ >= max(1,N). WORK (workspace/output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK. LWORK (input) INTEGER The length of the array WORK. LWORK >= max(1,2*N). For optimal efficiency, LWORK >= (NB+1)*N, where NB is the blocksize for ZHETRD returned by ILAENV. If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA. RWORK (workspace) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (7*N) IWORK (workspace) INTEGER array, dimension (5*N) IFAIL (output) INTEGER array, dimension (N) If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M elements of IFAIL are zero. If INFO > 0, then IFAIL contains the indices of the eigenvectors that failed to converge. If JOBZ = 'N', then IFAIL is not referenced. INFO (output) INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value > 0: ZPOTRF or ZHEEVX returned an error code: <= N: if INFO = i, ZHEEVX failed to converge; i eigenvectors failed to converge. Their indices are stored in array IFAIL. > N: if INFO = N + i, for 1 <= i <= N, then the leading minor of order i of B is not positive definite. The factorization of B could not be completed and no eigenvalues or eigenvectors were computed.## FURTHER DETAILS

Based on contributions by Mark Fahey, Department of Mathematics, Univ. of Kentucky, USA LAPACK driver routine (version 3.March 2011 LAPACK-3(3)

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