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# LAPACK-3

## man page of LAPACK-3

### NAME

LAPACK-3 - computes selected eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors of a complex Hermitian band matrix A

#### SYNOPSIS

SUBROUTINE ZHBEVX( JOBZ, RANGE, UPLO, N, KD, AB, LDAB, Q, LDQ, VL, VU, IL, IU, ABSTOL, M, W, Z, LDZ, WORK, RWORK, IWORK, IFAIL, INFO ) CHARACTER JOBZ, RANGE, UPLO INTEGER IL, INFO, IU, KD, LDAB, LDQ, LDZ, M, N DOUBLE PRECISION ABSTOL, VL, VU INTEGER IFAIL( * ), IWORK( * ) DOUBLE PRECISION RWORK( * ), W( * ) COMPLEX*16 AB( LDAB, * ), Q( LDQ, * ), WORK( * ), Z( LDZ, * )
##### PURPOSE
ZHBEVX computes selected eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors of a complex Hermitian band matrix A. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors can be selected by specifying either a range of values or a range of indices for the desired eigenvalues.
###### ARGUMENTS
JOBZ (input) CHARACTER*1 = 'N': Compute eigenvalues only; = 'V': Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors. RANGE (input) CHARACTER*1 = 'A': all eigenvalues will be found; = 'V': all eigenvalues in the half-open interval (VL,VU] will be found; = 'I': the IL-th through IU-th eigenvalues will be found. UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored. N (input) INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. KD (input) INTEGER The number of superdiagonals of the matrix A if UPLO = 'U', or the number of subdiagonals if UPLO = 'L'. KD >= 0. AB (input/output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDAB, N) On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the Hermitian band matrix A, stored in the first KD+1 rows of the array. The j-th column of A is stored in the j-th column of the array AB as follows: if UPLO = 'U', AB(kd+1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for max(1,j-kd)<=i<=j; if UPLO = 'L', AB(1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=min(n,j+kd). On exit, AB is overwritten by values generated during the reduction to tridiagonal form. LDAB (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array AB. LDAB >= KD + 1. Q (output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDQ, N) If JOBZ = 'V', the N-by-N unitary matrix used in the reduction to tridiagonal form. If JOBZ = 'N', the array Q is not referenced. LDQ (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array Q. If JOBZ = 'V', then LDQ >= max(1,N). VL (input) DOUBLE PRECISION VU (input) DOUBLE PRECISION If RANGE='V', the lower and upper bounds of the interval to be searched for eigenvalues. VL < VU. Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'I'. IL (input) INTEGER IU (input) INTEGER If RANGE='I', the indices (in ascending order) of the smallest and largest eigenvalues to be returned. 1 <= IL <= IU <= N, if N > 0; IL = 1 and IU = 0 if N = 0. Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'V'. ABSTOL (input) DOUBLE PRECISION The absolute error tolerance for the eigenvalues. An approximate eigenvalue is accepted as converged when it is determined to lie in an interval [a,b] of width less than or equal to ABSTOL + EPS * max( |a|,|b| ) , where EPS is the machine precision. If ABSTOL is less than or equal to zero, then EPS*|T| will be used in its place, where |T| is the 1-norm of the tridiagonal matrix obtained by reducing AB to tridiagonal form. Eigenvalues will be computed most accurately when ABSTOL is set to twice the underflow threshold 2*DLAMCH('S'), not zero. If this routine returns with INFO>0, indicating that some eigenvectors did not converge, try setting ABSTOL to 2*DLAMCH('S'). See "Computing Small Singular Values of Bidiagonal Matrices with Guaranteed High Relative Accuracy," by Demmel and Kahan, LAPACK Working Note #3. M (output) INTEGER The total number of eigenvalues found. 0 <= M <= N. If RANGE = 'A', M = N, and if RANGE = 'I', M = IU-IL+1. W (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) The first M elements contain the selected eigenvalues in ascending order. Z (output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDZ, max(1,M)) If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M columns of Z contain the orthonormal eigenvectors of the matrix A corresponding to the selected eigenvalues, with the i-th column of Z holding the eigenvector associated with W(i). If an eigenvector fails to converge, then that column of Z contains the latest approximation to the eigenvector, and the index of the eigenvector is returned in IFAIL. If JOBZ = 'N', then Z is not referenced. Note: the user must ensure that at least max(1,M) columns are supplied in the array Z; if RANGE = 'V', the exact value of M is not known in advance and an upper bound must be used. LDZ (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array Z. LDZ >= 1, and if JOBZ = 'V', LDZ >= max(1,N). WORK (workspace) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N) RWORK (workspace) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (7*N) IWORK (workspace) INTEGER array, dimension (5*N) IFAIL (output) INTEGER array, dimension (N) If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M elements of IFAIL are zero. If INFO > 0, then IFAIL contains the indices of the eigenvectors that failed to converge. If JOBZ = 'N', then IFAIL is not referenced. INFO (output) INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value > 0: if INFO = i, then i eigenvectors failed to converge. Their indices are stored in array IFAIL. LAPACK driver routine (version 3.March 2011 LAPACK-3(3)