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### LAPACK-3: computes row and column scalings intended to equilibrate an M-by-N matrix A and reduce its condition number

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## NAME

LAPACK-3 - computes row and column scalings intended to equilibrate an M-by-N matrix A and reduce its condition numberSYNOPSIS

SUBROUTINE ZGEEQUB( M, N, A, LDA, R, C, ROWCND, COLCND, AMAX, INFO ) IMPLICIT NONE INTEGER INFO, LDA, M, N DOUBLE PRECISION AMAX, COLCND, ROWCND DOUBLE PRECISION C( * ), R( * ) COMPLEX*16 A( LDA, * )## PURPOSE

ZGEEQUB computes row and column scalings intended to equilibrate an M- by-N matrix A and reduce its condition number. R returns the row scale factors and C the column scale factors, chosen to try to make the largest element in each row and column of the matrix B with elements B(i,j)=R(i)*A(i,j)*C(j) have an absolute value of at most the radix. R(i) and C(j) are restricted to be a power of the radix between SMLNUM = smallest safe number and BIGNUM = largest safe number. Use of these scaling factors is not guaranteed to reduce the condition number of A but works well in practice. This routine differs from ZGEEQU by restricting the scaling factors to a power of the radix. Baring over- and underflow, scaling by these factors introduces no additional rounding errors. However, the scaled entries' magnitured are no longer approximately 1 but lie between sqrt(radix) and 1/sqrt(radix).## ARGUMENTS

M (input) INTEGER The number of rows of the matrix A. M >= 0. N (input) INTEGER The number of columns of the matrix A. N >= 0. A (input) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N) The M-by-N matrix whose equilibration factors are to be computed. LDA (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,M). R (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (M) If INFO = 0 or INFO > M, R contains the row scale factors for A. C (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) If INFO = 0, C contains the column scale factors for A. ROWCND (output) DOUBLE PRECISION If INFO = 0 or INFO > M, ROWCND contains the ratio of the smallest R(i) to the largest R(i). If ROWCND >= 0.1 and AMAX is neither too large nor too small, it is not worth scaling by R. COLCND (output) DOUBLE PRECISION If INFO = 0, COLCND contains the ratio of the smallest C(i) to the largest C(i). If COLCND >= 0.1, it is not worth scaling by C. AMAX (output) DOUBLE PRECISION Absolute value of largest matrix element. If AMAX is very close to overflow or very close to underflow, the matrix should be scaled. INFO (output) INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value > 0: if INFO = i, and i is <= M: the i-th row of A is exactly zero > M: the (i-M)-th column of A is exactly zero LAPACK routine (version 3.2) March 2011 LAPACK-3(3)

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