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## man page of wcstod

### wcstod: convert a wide-character string to a double

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## NAME

wcstod, wcstof, wcstold - convert a wide-character string to a double- precision number## SYNOPSIS

#include <wchar.h> double wcstod(const wchar_t *restrict nptr, wchar_t **restrict endptr); float wcstof(const wchar_t *restrict nptr, wchar_t **restrict endptr); long double wcstold(const wchar_t *restrict nptr, wchar_t **restrict endptr);## DESCRIPTION

These functions shall convert the initial portion of the wide-character string pointed to bynptrtodouble,float, andlong doublerepresentation, respectively. First, they shall decompose the input wide-character string into three parts: 1. An initial, possibly empty, sequence of white-space wide-character codes (as specified byiswspace()) 2. A subject sequence interpreted as a floating-point constant or representing infinity or NaN 3. A final wide-character string of one or more unrecognized wide- character codes, including the terminating null wide-character code of the input wide-character string Then they shall attempt to convert the subject sequence to a floating- point number, and return the result. The expected form of the subject sequence is an optional plus or minus sign, then one of the following: * A non-empty sequence of decimal digits optionally containing a radix character, then an optional exponent part * A 0x or 0X, then a non-empty sequence of hexadecimal digits optionally containing a radix character, then an optional binary exponent part * One of INF or INFINITY, or any other wide string equivalent except for case * One of NAN or NAN(n-wchar-sequence_opt), or any other wide string ignoring case in the NAN part, where:n-wchar-sequence: digit nondigit n-wchar-sequence digit n-wchar-sequence nondigitThe subject sequence is defined as the longest initial subsequence of the input wide string, starting with the first non-white-space wide character, that is of the expected form. The subject sequence contains no wide characters if the input wide string is not of the expected form. If the subject sequence has the expected form for a floating-point number, the sequence of wide characters starting with the first digit or the radix character (whichever occurs first) shall be interpreted as a floating constant according to the rules of the C language, except that the radix character shall be used in place of a period, and that if neither an exponent part nor a radix character appears in a decimal floating-point number, or if a binary exponent part does not appear in a hexadecimal floating-point number, an exponent part of the appropriate type with value zero shall be assumed to follow the last digit in the string. If the subject sequence begins with a minus sign, the sequence shall be interpreted as negated. A wide-character sequence INF or INFINITY shall be interpreted as an infinity, if representable in the return type, else as if it were a floating constant that is too large for the range of the return type. A wide-character sequence NAN or NAN(n-wchar-sequence_opt) shall be interpreted as a quiet NaN, if supported in the return type, else as if it were a subject sequence part that does not have the expected form; the meaning of then-wchar sequences is implementation-defined. A pointer to the final wide string shall be stored in the object pointed to byendptr, provided thatendptris not a null pointer. If the subject sequence has the hexadecimal form and FLT_RADIX is a power of 2, the conversion shall be rounded in an implementation- defined manner. The radix character shall be as defined in the program's locale (categoryLC_NUMERIC ).In the POSIX locale, or in a locale where the radix character is not defined, the radix character shall default to a period ('.'). In other than the C or POSIX locales, other implementation-defined subject sequences may be accepted. If the subject sequence is empty or does not have the expected form, no conversion shall be performed; the value ofnptrshall be stored in the object pointed to byendptr, provided thatendptris not a null pointer. Thewcstod() function shall not change the setting oferrnoif successful. Since 0 is returned on error and is also a valid return on success, an application wishing to check for error situations should seterrnoto 0, then callwcstod(),wcstof(), orwcstold(), then checkerrno.RETURN VALUE

Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the converted value. If no conversion could be performed, 0 shall be returned anderrnomay be set to [EINVAL]. If the correct value is outside the range of representable values, +-HUGE_VAL, +-HUGE_VALF, or +-HUGE_VALL shall be returned (according to the sign of the value), anderrnoshall be set to [ERANGE]. If the correct value would cause underflow, a value whose magnitude is no greater than the smallest normalized positive number in the return type shall be returned anderrnoset to [ERANGE].## ERRORS

Thewcstod() function shall fail if:ERANGEThe value to be returned would cause overflow or underflow. Thewcstod() function may fail if:EINVALNo conversion could be performed.The following sections are informative.## EXAMPLES

None.## APPLICATION USAGE

If the subject sequence has the hexadecimal form and FLT_RADIX is not a power of 2, and the result is not exactly representable, the result should be one of the two numbers in the appropriate internal format that are adjacent to the hexadecimal floating source value, with the extra stipulation that the error should have a correct sign for the current rounding direction. If the subject sequence has the decimal form and at most DECIMAL_DIG (defined in<float.h>) significant digits, the result should be correctly rounded. If the subject sequenceDhas the decimal form and more than DECIMAL_DIG significant digits, consider the two bounding, adjacent decimal stringsLandU, both having DECIMAL_DIG significant digits, such that the values ofL,D, andUsatisfy"L <= D <= U". The result should be one of the (equal or adjacent) values that would be obtained by correctly roundingLandUaccording to the current rounding direction, with the extra stipulation that the error with respect toDshould have a correct sign for the current rounding direction.## RATIONALE

None.## FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.SEE ALSO

iswspace() ,localeconv() ,scanf() ,setlocale() ,wcstol() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Chapter 7, Locale,<float.h>,<wchar.h>## COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at //www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html . WCSTOD(3)

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