NAMEmsync - synchronize a file with a memory map
SYNOPSIS#include <sys/mman.h> int msync(void *addr, size_t length, int flags);
DESCRIPTIONmsync() flushes changes made to the in-core copy of a file that was mapped into memory using mmap(2) back to disk. Without use of this call there is no guarantee that changes are written back before munmap(2) is called. To be more precise, the part of the file that corresponds to the memory area starting at addr and having length length is updated. The flags argument may have the bits MS_ASYNC, MS_SYNC, and MS_INVALIDATE set, but not both MS_ASYNC and MS_SYNC. MS_ASYNC specifies that an update be scheduled, but the call returns immediately. MS_SYNC asks for an update and waits for it to complete. MS_INVALIDATE asks to invalidate other mappings of the same file (so that they can be updated with the fresh values just written).
RETURN VALUEOn success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.
ERRORSEBUSY MS_INVALIDATE was specified in flags, and a memory lock exists for the specified address range. EINVAL addr is not a multiple of PAGESIZE; or any bit other than MS_ASYNC | MS_INVALIDATE | MS_SYNC is set in flags; or both MS_SYNC and MS_ASYNC are set in flags. ENOMEM The indicated memory (or part of it) was not mapped.
CONFORMING TOPOSIX.1-2001. This call was introduced in Linux 1.3.21, and then used EFAULT instead of ENOMEM. In Linux 2.4.19 this was changed to the POSIX value ENOMEM.
AVAILABILITYOn POSIX systems on which msync() is available, both _POSIX_MAPPED_FILES and _POSIX_SYNCHRONIZED_IO are defined in <unistd.h> to a value greater than 0. (See also sysconf(3).)
SEE ALSOmmap(2) B.O. Gallmeister, POSIX.4, O'Reilly, pp. 128-129 and 389-391.
COLOPHONThis page is part of release 3.27 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at //www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/. MSYNC(2)