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ykpersonalize: personalize Yubikey OTP tokens

ykpersonalize - personalize Yubikey OTP tokens


ykpersonalize [-1 | -2] [-sfile] [-ifile] [-axxx] [-cxxx] [-ooption] [-v] [-h]


Set the AES key, user ID and other settings in a Yubikey. For the complete explanation of the meaning of all parameters, see the reference manual: Yubikey manual <//static.yubico.com/var/uploads/ pdfs/YubiKey_Manual_2010-09-16.pdf> -1 change the first configuration. This is the default and is normally used for true OTP generation. In this configuration, TKTFLAG_APPEND_CR is set by default. -2 change the second configuration. This is for Yubikey II only and is then normally used for static key generation. In this configuration, TKTFLAG_APPEND_CR, CFGFLAG_STATIC_TICKET, CFGFLAG_STRONG_PW1, CFGFLAG_STRONG_PW2 and CFGFLAG_MAN_UPDATE are set by default. -sfile save configuration to file instead of key. (if file is -, send to stdout) -ifile read configuration from file. (if file is -, read from stdin) -axxx A 32 char (40 for OATH-HOTP and HMAC challenge-response) hex value (not modhex) of a fixed AES key to use. -cxxx A 12 char hex value (not modhex) to use as access code for programming. NOTE: this does NOT SET the access code, that's done with -oaccess=. -ooption change configuration option. Possible option arguments are salt=ssssssss Salt to be used when deriving key from a password. If none is given, a unique random one will be generated. fixed=fffffffffff The modhex public identity of the Yubikey, 0-16 characters long. It's possible to give the identity in hex as well, just prepend the value with 'h:'. The fixed part is emitted before the OTP when the button on the Yubikey is pressed. It can be used as an identifier for the user, for example. uid=uuuuuu The uid part of the generated OTP, in hex. Must be 12 characters long. The uid is 6 bytes of static data that is included (encrypted) in every OTP, and is used to validate that an OTP was in fact encrypted with the AES key shared between the Yubikey and the validation service. It cannot be used to identify the Yubikey as it is only readable to those that know the AES key. access=fffffffffff New hex access code to set. Must be 12 characters long. If an access code is set, it will be required for subsequent reprogramming of the Yubikey. [-]ticket-flag Set/clear ticket flag, see the section 'Ticket flags' [-]configuration-flag Set/clear ticket flag, see the section 'Configuration flags' -y always commit without prompting -v Be more verbose -h Help


[-]tab-first Send a tab character as the first character. This is usually used to move to the next input field. [-]append-tab1 Send a tab character between the fixed part and the one-time password part. This is useful if you have the fixed portion equal to the user name and two input fields that you navigate between using tab. [-]append-tab2 Send a tab character as the last character. [-]append-delay1 Add a half-second delay before sending the one-time password part. [-]append-delay2 Add a half-second delay after sending the one-time password part. [-]append-cr Send a carriage return after sending the one-time password part. Yubikey 2.0 firmware and above [-]protect-cfg2 When written to configuration 1, block later updates to configuration 2. When written to configuration 2, prevent configuration 1 from having the lock bit set. Yubikey 2.1 firmware and above [-]oath-hotp Set OATH-HOTP mode rather than Yubikey mode. In this mode, the token functions according to the OATH-HOTP standard. Yubikey 2.2 firmware and above [-]chal-resp Set challenge-response mode.


[-]send-ref Send a reference string of all 16 modhex characters before the fixed part. This can not be combined with the strong-pw2 flag. [-]pacing-10ms Add a 10ms delay between key presses. [-]pacing-20ms Add a 20ms delay between key presses. [-]static-ticket Output a fixed string rather than a one-time password. The password is still based on the AES key and should be hard to guess and impossible to remember. Yubikey 1.x firmware only [-]ticket-first Send the one-time password rather than the fixed part first. [-]allow-hidtrig Allow trigger through HID/keyboard by pressing caps-, num or scroll-lock twice. Not recommended for security reasons. Yubikey 2.0 firmware and above [-]short-ticket Limit the length of the static string to max 16 digits. This flag only makes sense with the -ostatic-ticket option. [-]strong-pw1 Upper-case the two first letters of the output string. This is for compatibility with legacy systems that enforce both uppercase and lowercase characters in a password and does not add any security. [-]strong-pw2 Replace the first eight characters of the modhex alphabet with the numbers 0 to 7. Like strong-pw1, this is intended to support legacy systems. [-]man-update Enable user-initiated update of the static password. Only makes sense with the -ostatic-ticket option. Yubikey 2.1 firmware and above [-]oath-hotp8 When set, generate an 8-digit HOTP rather than a 6-digit one. [-]oath-fixed-modhex1 When set, the first byte of the fixed part is sent as modhex. [-]oath-fixed-modhex2 When set, the first two bytes of the fixed part is sent as modhex. [-]oath-fixed-modhex When set, the fixed part is sent as modhex. Yubikey 2.2 firmware and above [-]chal-yubico Yubico OTP challenge-response mode. [-]chal-hmac Generate HMAC-SHA1 challenge responses. [-]hmac-lt64 Calculate HMAC on less than 64 bytes input. Whatever is in the last byte of the challenge is used as end of input marker (backtracking from end of payload). [-]chal-btn-trig The Yubikey will wait for the user to press the key (within 15 seconds) before answering the challenge.
When using OATH-HOTP mode, a HMAC key of 160 bits (20 bytes, 40 chars of hex) can be supplied with -a. The token identifier can be set with the -ofixed= option. See section "5.3.4 - OATH-HOTP Token Identifier" of the Yubikey manual <// yubico.com/files/YubiKey_manual-2.0.pdf> for details, but in short the token identifier is 2 bytes manufacturer prefix, 2 bytes token type and then 8 bytes manufacturer unique ID.
In CHAL-RESP mode, the token will NOT generate any keypresses when the button is pressed (although it is perfectly possible to have one slot with a keypress-generating configuration, and the other in challenge- response mode). Instead, a program capable of sending USB HID feature reports to the token must be used to send it a challenge, and read the response.


Modhex is a way of writing hex digits where the "digits" are chosen for being in the same place on most keyboard layouts. To convert from hex to modhex, you can use tr "[0123456789abcdef]" "[cbdefghijklnrtuv]" To convert the other way, use tr "[cbdefghijklnrtuv]" "[0123456789abcdef]"


Report ykpersonalize bugs in the issue tracker <https://github.com/ Yubico/yubikey-personalization/issues>


The ykpersonalize home page <//code.google.com/p/ yubikey-personalization/> Yubikeys can be obtained from Yubico <//www.yubico.com/>. YKPERSONALIZE(1)

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