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man page of v.to.rast

v.to.rast: Converts (rasterize) a vector map into a raster map.


v.to.rast - Converts (rasterize) a vector map into a raster map.


vector, raster, conversion
v.to.rast v.to.rast help v.to.rast input=name [layer=integer] [type=string[,string,...]] output=name use=string [column=name] [rgbcolumn=name] [labelcolumn=name] [value=float] [rows=integer] [--overwrite] [--verbose] [--quiet] Flags: --overwrite Allow output files to overwrite existing files --verbose Verbose module output --quiet Quiet module output Parameters: input=name Name of input vector map layer=integer Layer number A single vector map can be connected to multiple database tables. This number determines which table to use. Default: 1 type=string[,string,...] Feature type Options: point,line,area Default: point,line,area output=name Name for output raster map use=string Source of raster values Options: attr,cat,val,z,dir Default: attr attr: read values from attribute table cat: use category values val: use value specified by value option z: use z coordinate (points or contours only) dir: output as flow direction (lines only) column=name Name of column for 'attr' parameter (data type must be numeric) rgbcolumn=name Name of color definition column (with RRR:GGG:BBB entries) labelcolumn=name Name of column used as raster category labels value=float Raster value (for use=val) Default: 1 rows=integer Number of rows to hold in memory Default: 4096
v.to.rast transforms GRASS vector map layers into GRASS raster map layer format. Optionally, attributes can be converted into raster category labels.


v.to.rast will only affect data in areas lying inside the boundaries of the current geographic region. Before running v.to.rast, the user should therefore ensure that the current geographic region is correctly set and that the region resolution is at the desired level. Either the column parameter or the value parameter must be specified. The use option may be specified alone when using the dir option. use options are: attr - read values from attribute table (default) cat - read values from category val - use value specified by value option z - use z coordinate (points or contours only) dir - output as flow direction in degrees (lines only) The column parameter uses an existing column from the vector map database table as the category value in the output raster map. Existing table columns can be shown by using db.describe. An empty raster map layer will be created if the vector map layer has not been assigned category/attribute labels (e.g., through use of v.category option=add). Otherwise: Labeled areas and/or centroids will produce filled raster coverages with edges that straddle the original area boundary as long as the boundary is NOT labeled. (Use v.category option=del type=boundary to remove.) Labeled lines and boundaries will produce lines of raster cells which touch the original vector line. This tends to be more aggressive than area-only conversions. Points and orphaned centroids will be converted into single cells on the resultant raster map. Flow directions are given in degrees counterclockwise from east. Raster category labels are supported for all of use= except use=z.


1. Convert a vector map and use column SPEED from attribute table db.describe -c table=vect_map ncols:3 Column 1: CAT Column 2: SPEED Column 3: WIDTH v.to.rast in=vect_map out=raster_map col=SPEED 2. Calculate stream directions from a river vector map (Spearfish) v.to.rast in=streams out=streamsdir use=dir 3. Convert a vector polygon map to raster including descriptive labels (Spearfish) v.to.rast in=fields out=myfields use=attr col=cat labelcol=label r.category myfields


db.describe, v.category


Original code: Michael Shapiro, U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratory GRASS 6.0 updates: Radim Blazek, ITC-irst, Trento, Italy Stream directions: Jaro Hofierka and Helena Mitasova GRASS 6.3 code cleanup and label support: Brad Douglas Last changed: $Date: 2008-02-19 21:12:24 +0100 (Tue, 19 Feb 2008) $ Full index (C) 2003-2010 GRASS Development Team V.TO.RAST(1)

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