NAMEv.sample - Samples a raster map at vector point locations.
SYNOPSISv.sample v.sample help v.sample [-bcq] input=name column=string output=name raster=name [z=float] [--overwrite] [--verbose] [--quiet] Flags: -b Bilinear interpolation (default is nearest neighbor) -c Cubic convolution interpolation (default is nearest neighbor) -q Quiet --overwrite Allow output files to overwrite existing files --verbose Verbose module output --quiet Quiet module output Parameters: input=name Vector map defining sample points column=string Vector map attribute column to use for comparison output=name Vector map to store differences raster=name Raster map to be sampled z=float Option scaling factor for values read from raster map. Sampled values will be multiplied by this factor Default: 1.0
DESCRIPTIONv.sample samples a GRASS raster map at the point locations in the input file by either cubic convolution interpolation, bilinear interpolation, or nearest neighbor sampling (default). This program may be especially useful when sampling for cross validation of interpolations whose output is a raster map.
NOTESThe output points will have the easting and northing of the input points. The input category value is used. The input attribute, raster value and difference is written to output. When NULL values are encountered for a cell, zero value is used instead. In these cases, more acurrate results may be obtained by using the default nearest neighbor comparisons. This program may not work properly with lat-long data when the -BC flags are used. When interpolation is done (i.e., the -BC flags are used), values are assumed to be located at the centroid of grid cells. Therefore, current resolution settings are important.
EXAMPLEComparison of "elevation.dem" and "elevation.10m" Spearfish maps at random places: #generate random points: v.random output=random n=100 #add table with one column: v.db.addtable random col="el10 double" #transfer elevations at random points into table: v.what.rast rast=elevation.10m vect=random col=el10 #verify: v.db.select random #generate sampling from other elevation map: v.sample in=random col=el10 rast=elevation.dem out=elev_sample #verify: v.db.select elev_sample #univariate statistics of differences between elevation maps: v.univar elev_sample col=diff type=point
SEE ALSOv.random, g.region Image Sampling Methods - GRASS Tutorial on s.sample (available as s.sample-tutorial.ps.gz)
AUTHORJames Darrell McCauley when he was at: Agricultural Engineering Purdue University Updated for GRASS 5.0 by Eric G. Miller Updated for GRASS 5.7 by Radim Blazek Last changed: $Date: 2007-03-20 07:24:10 +0100 (Tue, 20 Mar 2007) $ Full index (C) 2003-2010 GRASS Development Team V.SAMPLE(1)