NAMEr.to.vect - Converts a raster map into a vector map layer.
KEYWORDSraster, conversion, vectorization
SYNOPSISr.to.vect r.to.vect help r.to.vect [-svzbq] input=name output=name feature=string [--overwrite] [--verbose] [--quiet] Flags: -s Smooth corners of area features -v Use raster values as categories instead of unique sequence (CELL only) -z Write raster values as z coordinate. Table is not created. Currently supported only for points. -b Do not build vector topology (use with care for massive point export) -q Quiet - Do not show progress --overwrite Allow output files to overwrite existing files --verbose Verbose module output --quiet Quiet module output Parameters: input=name Name of input raster map output=name Name for output vector map feature=string Feature type Options: point,line,area Default: line
DESCRIPTIONr.to.vect scans the named input raster map layer, extracts points, lines or area edge features from it, converts data to GRASS vector format. Points The r.to.vect program extracts data from a GRASS raster map layer and stores output in a new GRASS vector file. Lines r.to.vect assumes that the input map has been thinned using r.thin. r.to.vect extracts vectors (aka, "arcs") from a raster map. These arcs may represent linear features (like roads or streams), or may represent area edge features (like political boundaries, or soil mapping units). r.thin and r.to.vect may create excessive nodes at every junction, and may create small spurs or "dangling lines" during the thinning and vectorization process. These excessive nodes and spurs may be removed using v.clean. Areas r.to.vect first traces the perimeter of each unique area in the raster map layer and creates vector data to represent it. The cell category values for the raster map layer will be used to create attribute information for the resultant vector area edge data. A true vector tracing of the area edges might appear blocky, since the vectors outline the edges of raster data that are stored in rectangular cells. To produce a better-looking vector map, r.to.vect smoothes the corners of the vector data as they are being extracted. At each change in direction (i.e., each corner), the two midpoints of the corner cell (half the cell's height and width) are taken, and the line segment connecting them is used to outline this corner in the resultant vector map. (The cell's cornermost node is ignored.) Because vectors are smoothed by this program, the resulting vector map will not be "true" to the raster map from which it was created. The user should check the resolution of the geographic region (and the original data) to estimate the possible error introduced by smoothing. r.to.vect extracts only area edges from the named raster input file. If the raster map contains other data (i.e., line edges, or point data) the output may be wrong.
BUGSFor feature=line the input raster map MUST be thinned by r.thin; if not, r.to.vect may crash.
AUTHORPoints Bill Brown Lines Mike Baba DBA Systems, Inc. 10560 Arrowhead Drive Fairfax, Virginia 22030 Areas Original version of r.poly: Jean Ezell and Andrew Heekin, U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratory Modified program for smoothed lines: David Satnik, Central Washington University Updated 2001 by Andrea Aime, Modena, Italy Update Original r.to.sites, r.line and r.poly merged and updated to 5.7 by Radim Blazek Last changed: $Date: 2008-05-16 21:09:06 +0200 (Fri, 16 May 2008) $ Full index (C) 2003-2010 GRASS Development Team R.TO.VECT(1)