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dcmquant: Convert DICOM color images to palette color

dcmquant - Convert DICOM color images to palette color


dcmquant [options] dcmfile-in dcmfile-out


The dcmquant utility reads a DICOM color image, computes a palette color look-up table of the desired size for this image (based on the median cut algorithm published by Paul Heckbert) and converts the color image into a DICOM palette color image.


dcmfile-in DICOM input filename to be converted dcmfile-out DICOM output filename to be written


general options -h --help print this help text and exit --version print version information and exit --arguments print expanded command line arguments -q --quiet quiet mode, print no warnings and errors -v --verbose verbose mode, print processing details -d --debug debug mode, print debug information -ll --log-level [l]evel: string constant (fatal, error, warn, info, debug, trace) use level l for the logger -lc --log-config [f]ilename: string use config file f for the logger input options input file format: +f --read-file read file format or data set (default) +fo --read-file-only read file format only -f --read-dataset read data set without file meta information input transfer syntax: -t= --read-xfer-auto use TS recognition (default) -td --read-xfer-detect ignore TS specified in the file meta header -te --read-xfer-little read with explicit VR little endian TS -tb --read-xfer-big read with explicit VR big endian TS -ti --read-xfer-implicit read with implicit VR little endian TS processing options frame selection: +F --frame [n]umber: integer select specified frame +Fa --all-frames select all frames (default) compatibility: +Mp --accept-palettes accept incorrect palette attribute tags (0028,111x) and (0028,121x) median cut dimension selection: +Dr --mc-dimension-rgb max dimension from RGB range (default) +Dl --mc-dimension-lum max dimension from luminance median cut representative color selection: +Cb --mc-color-avgbox average colors in box (default) +Cp --mc-color-avgpixel average pixels in box +Cc --mc-color-center select center of box color palette creation: +pw --write-ow write Palette LUT as OW instead of US +pe --lut-entries-word write Palette LUT with 16-bit entries +pf --floyd-steinberg use Floyd-Steinberg error diffusion +pc --colors number of colors: 2..65536 (default 256) number of colors to quantize to SOP Class UID: +cd --class-default keep SOP Class UID (default) +cs --class-sc convert to Secondary Capture Image (implies --uid-always) SOP Instance UID: +ua --uid-always always assign new UID (default) +un --uid-never never assign new UID output options output file format: +F --write-file write file format (default) -F --write-dataset write data set without file meta information output transfer syntax: +t= --write-xfer-same write with same TS as input (default) +te --write-xfer-little write with explicit VR little endian TS +tb --write-xfer-big write with explicit VR big endian TS +ti --write-xfer-implicit write with implicit VR little endian TS post-1993 value representations: +u --enable-new-vr enable support for new VRs (UN/UT) (default) -u --disable-new-vr disable support for new VRs, convert to OB group length encoding: +g= --group-length-recalc recalculate group lengths if present (default) +g --group-length-create always write with group length elements -g --group-length-remove always write without group length elements length encoding in sequences and items: +e --length-explicit write with explicit lengths (default) -e --length-undefined write with undefined lengths data set trailing padding (not with --write-dataset): -p= --padding-retain do not change padding (default if not --write-dataset) -p --padding-off no padding (implicit if --write-dataset) +p --padding-create [f]ile-pad [i]tem-pad: integer align file on multiple of f bytes and items on multiple of i bytes
The level of logging output of the various command line tools and underlying libraries can be specified by the user. By default, only errors and warnings are written to the standard error stream. Using option --verbose also informational messages like processing details are reported. Option --debug can be used to get more details on the internal activity, e.g. for debugging purposes. Other logging levels can be selected using option --log-level. In --quiet mode only fatal errors are reported. In such very severe error events, the application will usually terminate. For more details on the different logging levels, see documentation of module 'oflog'. In case the logging output should be written to file (optionally with logfile rotation), to syslog (Unix) or the event log (Windows) option --log-config can be used. This configuration file also allows for directing only certain messages to a particular output stream and for filtering certain messages based on the module or application where they are generated. An example configuration file is provided in <etcdir>/logger.cfg).
All command line tools use the following notation for parameters: square brackets enclose optional values (0-1), three trailing dots indicate that multiple values are allowed (1-n), a combination of both means 0 to n values. Command line options are distinguished from parameters by a leading '+' or '-' sign, respectively. Usually, order and position of command line options are arbitrary (i.e. they can appear anywhere). However, if options are mutually exclusive the rightmost appearance is used. This behaviour conforms to the standard evaluation rules of common Unix shells. In addition, one or more command files can be specified using an '@' sign as a prefix to the filename (e.g. @command.txt). Such a command argument is replaced by the content of the corresponding text file (multiple whitespaces are treated as a single separator unless they appear between two quotation marks) prior to any further evaluation. Please note that a command file cannot contain another command file. This simple but effective approach allows to summarize common combinations of options/parameters and avoids longish and confusing command lines (an example is provided in file <datadir>/dumppat.txt).


The dcmquant utility will attempt to load DICOM data dictionaries specified in the DCMDICTPATH environment variable. By default, i.e. if the DCMDICTPATH environment variable is not set, the file <datadir>/dicom.dic will be loaded unless the dictionary is built into the application (default for Windows). The default behaviour should be preferred and the DCMDICTPATH environment variable only used when alternative data dictionaries are required. The DCMDICTPATH environment variable has the same format as the Unix shell PATH variable in that a colon (':') separates entries. On Windows systems, a semicolon (';') is used as a separator. The data dictionary code will attempt to load each file specified in the DCMDICTPATH environment variable. It is an error if no data dictionary can be loaded.


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