NAMEdchroot-dsa - enter a chroot environment
SYNOPSISdchroot-dsa [-h|--help | -V|--version | -l|--list | -i|--info | --config | -p|--listpaths] [-d directory|--directory=directory] [-q|--quiet | -v|--verbose] [-c chroot|--chroot=chroot | --all | CHROOT] [COMMAND]
DESCRIPTIONdchroot-dsa allows the user to run a command or a login shell in a chroot environment. If no command is specified, a login shell will be started in the user's home directory inside the chroot. The user's environment will be preserved inside the chroot. The command is a single argument which must be an absolute path to the program. Additional options are not permitted. The directory the command or login shell is run in depends upon the context. See --directory option below for a complete description. This version of dchroot-dsa is a compatibility wrapper around the schroot(1) program. It is provided for backward compatibility with the dchroot-dsa command-line options, but schroot is recommended for future use. See the section "Migration" below for help migrating your existing dchroot-dsa configuration to schroot. See the section "Incompatibilities" below for known incompatibilities with older versions of dchroot-dsa.
OPTIONSdchroot-dsa accepts the following options: Basic options -h, --help Show help summary. -a, --all Select all chroots. Note that earlier versions of dchroot-dsa did not include this option. -c, --chroot=chroot Specify a chroot to use. This option may be used multiple times to specify more than one chroot, in which case its effect is similar to --all. If this option is not used, the first non- option argument specified the chroot to use. Note that earlier versions of dchroot-dsa did not include this option. -l, --list List all available chroots. -i, --info Print detailed information about the available chroots. Note that earlier versions of dchroot-dsa did not include this option. -p, --listpaths Print absolute locations (paths) of the available chroots. --config Print configuration of the available chroots. This is useful for testing that the configuration in use is the same as the configuration file. Any comments in the original file will be missing. Note that earlier versions of dchroot-dsa did not include this option. -d, --directory=directory Change to directory inside the chroot before running the command or login shell. If directory is not available, dchroot-dsa will exit with an error status. The default behaviour (all directory paths are inside the chroot) is to run the login shell or command in the user's home directory, or / if the home directory is not available. If none of the directories are available, dchroot-dsa will exit with an error status. -q, --quiet Print only essential messages. Note that earlier versions of dchroot-dsa did not include this option. -v, --verbose Print all messages. Note that earlier versions of dchroot-dsa did not include this option. -V, --version Print version information.
CONFIGURATIONThe original dchroot-dsa configuration file, /etc/dchroot.conf, used by earlier versions of dchroot-dsa, has the following format: o '#' starts a comment line. o Blank lines are ignored. o Chroot definitions are a single line containing an identifier, path, and users, an optional user list separated by whitespace (space and tab), or a colon (':'), semicolon (';'), or comma (','). An example file: # Example comment sarge /srv/chroot/sarge sid /srv/chroot/sid rleigh,fred This file defines a chroot called 'sarge', located at /srv/chroot/sarge, and a second chroot called 'sid', located at /srv/chroot/sid. The second chroot specifies that it may only be used by the users "rleigh" and "fred".
INCOMPATIBILITIESDSA dchroot o Log messages are worded and formatted differently. o dchroot-dsa provides a restricted subset of the functionality implemented by schroot, but is still schroot underneath. Thus dchroot-dsa is still subject to schroot security checking, including PAM authentication and authorisation, and session management, for example, and hence may behave slightly differently to earlier versions of dchroot-dsa in some circumstances. Debian dchroot A dchroot package provides an alternative dchroot implementation. o All the above incompatibilities apply. o This version of dchroot has incompatible command-line options, and while some of those options are supported or have equivalent options by a different name, the -c option is required to specify a chroot. It also allows a shell script to be used as the option instead of a single absolute path, and allows multiple command options instead of a single option. o This version of dchroot has an incompatible format for dchroot.conf. While the first two fields are the same, the third field is a optional personality, instead of the users user list permitted to access the chroot allowed by this version. If personality support is needed, please use schroot.conf and add the allowed users there, as shown in "Migration" below.
MIGRATIONTo migrate an existing dchroot-dsa configuration to schroot, perform the following steps: 1 Dump the dchroot-dsa configuration in schroot keyfile format to /etc/schroot/schroot.conf. # dchroot-dsa --config >> /etc/schroot/schroot.conf 2 Edit /etc/schroot/schroot.conf to add access to the users and/or groups which are to be allowed to access the chroots, and make any other desired changes to the configuration. See schroot.conf(5). 3 Remove /etc/dchroot.conf, so that dchroot-dsa will subsequently use /etc/schroot/schroot.conf for its configuration.
EXAMPLES$ dchroot-dsa -l Available chroots: sarge, sid $ dchroot-dsa --listpaths /srv/chroot/sarge /srv/chroot/sid $ dchroot-dsa -q sid -- /bin/uname Linux $ dchroot-dsa sid I: [sid chroot] Running login shell: "/bin/bash" $ Note that the top line was echoed to standard error, and the remaining lines to standard output. This is intentional, so that program output from commands run in the chroot may be piped and redirected as required; the data will be the same as if the command was run directly on the host system.
TROUBLESHOOTINGIf something is not working, and it's not clear from the error messages what is wrong, try using the --debug=level option to turn on debugging messages. This gives a great deal more information. Valid debug levels are 'none', and 'notice', 'info', 'warning' and 'critical' in order of increasing severity. The lower the severity level, the more output. If you are still having trouble, the developers may be contacted on the mailing list: Debian buildd-tools Developers <email@example.com>
BUGSNone known at this time.
FILES/etc/dchroot.conf The system-wide dchroot-dsa chroot definition file. This file must be owned by the root user, and not be writable by other. If present, this file will be used in preference to /etc/schroot/schroot.conf. /etc/schroot/schroot.conf The system-wide schroot definition file. This file must be owned by the root user, and not be writable by other. It is recommended that this file be used in preference to /etc/dchroot.conf, because the chroots can be used interchangeably with schroot, and the user and group security policies provided by schroot are also enforced.
AUTHORSRoger Leigh. This implementation of dchroot-dsa uses the same command-line options as the dchroot found on machines run by the Debian System Administrators for the Debian Project. These machines have a dchroot- dsa source package which provides a dchroot-dsa package, written by Ben Collins <firstname.lastname@example.org> and Martin Schulze <email@example.com>.
COPYRIGHTCopyright (C) 2005-2010 Roger Leigh <firstname.lastname@example.org> dchroot-dsa is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
SEE ALSOschroot(1), sbuild(1), chroot(2), schroot-setup(5), schroot.conf(5). DCHROOT-DSA(1)